Nielsen, M. A. (2003, September 8). Extreme thinking. Tough Learning, Brisbane, Australia.

A talk given by Michael Nielsen to a general audience on the challenges of learning in the context of research.

“Research is… the process of discovering {things no one else has discovered}.”

The ideas in this paper are elaborated in Nielsen, M. A. (2004). Principles of effective research (Technical Note No. 0404). The University of Queensland.